In 1977, the cultural concern of the company, then Catalana de Gas y Electricidad, S. A., was the motor behind the first permanent exhibition on gas at the historical headquarters of the company, at l’Avinguda Portal de l’Àngel 22, Barcelona. That first exhibition presented the historical evolution of gas energy and showed the characteristics and applications of natural gas as a clean, efficient and environmentally friendly energy. Fruit of the same concern, in 1987 the Archives were established to conserve and promote the graphic and documentary heritage.
In 2004, the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation assumed the management, conservation and promotion of the Gas Natural Fenosa heritage, creating the Centre for History as an instrument for stimulating, researching and disseminating the heritage of the company.
In 2006, the exhibition was closed due to the change of the company headquarters to the Plaça del Gas in the Barceloneta district, in the same place where the first gasworks in Spain had been. The same year, the project was approved by the Gas Natural Fenosa Foundation and the Sabadell town council, culminating in the autumn of 2011 with the launch of the Gas Museum.